What Are Standards?
A standard is a document that contains technical specifications or other precise criteria to be used consistently as a rule, guideline, or definition of characteristics, to ensure that materials, products, processes, personnel or services are competent and/or fit for their intended purpose(s). - The National Institute of Standards and Technology
Types of Standards:
- Voluntary/consensus standards are developed through cooperation of stakeholders and impose no obligations regarding use.
- De facto standards become standards from public acceptance and market forces, rather than official approval.
- Regulatory standards or codes are written or adopted by government agencies and are mandatory.