Conference proceedings are a collection of papers on cutting-edge research presented by researchers in a particular field of study.
Use conference proceedings:
usually scholars in the field, academics or researchers.
almost always cited with references and/or footnotes.
long and often have sections such as abstract, literature review, methodology, results, and conclusion.
no color, no ads even in online versions, and some have graphs and tables.
Conference proceedings may be published in a variety of ways. Some may be published as an individual book; some may be published as an annual periodical; some may not be published at all but may only be available as an abstract.
Example print conference proceedings reference citation in American Psychological Association (APA) style:
Brown. A., ed. (2000) . Proceedings / International Conference on Software Engineering . June 4-11, Limerick, Ireland. Long Beach, Calif. : IEEE Computer Society, 2001. Print.
Example electronic conference proceedings reference citation in American Psychological Association (APA) style:
Celik, S., Morgan, S., & Retzlaff, W. (2010, April 15-16). Energy conservation analysis of various green roof systems. Paper presented at the 2010 IEEE Green Technologies Conference. Retrieved from http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=5453802&tag=1