Legal Reference

Tools and tips for finding legal references.

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Parallel Citations: Same Case in Different Sources

Example: Lukhard v. Reed

481 U. S. 368
First Citation
United States Reports

 95 L. Ed. 2d 328
Second Citation
Lawyer’s Edition, 2d Series

107 S. Ct. 1807 (1987)
Third Citation
Supreme Court Reporter

Case Law: Research Tools

If unfamiliar with an area of law start with secondary sources: legal encyclopedias, books on the legal topic of interest & law review articles

U S Food and Drug Administration

Additional Legal Information

Visit the Massachusetts Trial Court Libraries for access to more legal resources.