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Professional Writing Guide

Resources for professional writing

What is an Annotated Bibliography?

An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to sources that is followed by a brief descriptive and evaluative paragraph. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.

An annotated bibliography should:

    • evaluate the author's authority on the topic or background
    • comment on the intended audience
    • examine the scope or purpose of the work
    • mention any bias
    • summarize the work

Annotated Bibliography Example

Here is an example of an annotated bibliography entry for a journal article:

Charland, A., & Leroux, B. (2011). Mobile Application Development: Web vs. Native. Communications Of The ACM, 54(5), 49-53. doi:10.1145/1941487.1941504

Written by senior executives at Nitobi, which was recently acquired by Adobe, this article compares the benefits and drawbacks of using native code vs web code for mobile development. These approaches are compared based on coding and performance as well as the user experience. This article provides essential information for people who are looking to code mobile or native apps.