What is primary scientific literature?
Primary literature is a report on the results of original research, and should include information on the methods used, the data and results obtained, a discussion of the results, and a list of references used in the design and analysis of the research.
Primary scientific literature has several characteristics:
1. A logical organization structure that will include some combination of the following sections:
- Abstract (summary)
- Introduction - background, research objective, hypothesis
- Methodology (aka Materials and Methods) - detailed accounting of the substances, procedures and protocols, including equipment and tools, used to conduct the research
- Results - reporting of research results, including types of analysis conducted, with no interpretation.
- Discussion - interpretation of results including potential biases and shortcomings
- Conclusion (optional) - if not part of the Discussion will indicate next steps
2. Authors may use "We" or "I" to describe what was done
3. Language is usually very specific: mentioning particular places, organisms, software, techniques, etc.