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HU 2441: African History and Culture: Citing Sources

Why Cite Your Sources?

Plagiarism is presenting someone else's work or ideas as your own. Plagiarism can take many forms, such as using someone else's term paper, copying passages from books or websites without citations, using someone else's words without credit or paraphrasing someone else's work without citing them. You can avoid plagiarism by using your own ideas, using the ideas of others only to support your own arguments, using quotation marks when directly stating another's words, and remembering to write a complete citation for each source while you take notes.

 Citing sources shows:

  • the research you've done
  • strengthens the ideas you present
  • differentiates your work from the work of others
  • allows readers to follow up on your work through its original sources There are many styles of citation, and the one that you use will depend on your field of research.

To cite an article, you need to know its title, author or authors, the journal in which it was published, volume and issue number, date of publication and page number.

To cite a book, you'll need to know its title, author or authors, date of publication, publisher, and the city and state in which it was published.

To cite a website you'll need its author, which may be a corporate author, title, date of publication and date accessed, the date on which you retrieved the information.

Citation Styles

To learn more about the different citation styles you can choose from (such as MLA, APA, and Chicago), check out the Citing Sources guide.

Citation Management