Basic Format for a Book:
~ Book with One Author:
~ Book with More than One Author:
Basic format for an eBook:
Basic Format for an Online Article:
~ Online Journal Article with DOI Assigned:
~ Online Journal Article with no DOI Assigned:
If you have taken the photo, cite in-text only. Label the picture as a figure (Figure 1, etc.) and provide a caption with information on its content, date, location, and the people in the photo.
The APA Style Blog takes you through the four steps of navigating copyright for reproduced images:
Theses & Dissertations
Author Last Name, First Initials. (Year). Title of dissertation or thesis (Publication No.) [Doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis, Name of Institution Awarding Degree]. Database Name.
Cooper, B. S. (2018). Interactive planning and sensing for aircraft in uncertain environments with spatiotemporally evolving threats (Publication No. etd-042219-162643) [Doctoral dissertation, Worcester Polytechnic Institute]. Digital WPI.
IQPs & MQPs
Author Last Name, First Initials. (Year). Title of IQP or MQP [Undergraduate interactive qualifying project or Undergraduate major qualifying project, Name of Institution Awarding Degree]. Database Name.
Frey, J. P., Kendrick, R., Lowell, J. M., & Rothermel, J. M. (2006). Energy
profiling for off-grid energization solutions in Namibia [Undergraduate
interactive qualifying project, Worcester Polytechnic Institute]. Digital WPI.
Reference List Format:
Inventor, A. A. (Year patent issued). Title of patent (U.S. Patent No. ###). U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. URL
Reference List Example:
Bell, A. G. (1876). Improvement in telegraphy. (U.S. Patent No. 174,465). U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. https://patents.google.com/patent/US174465A/en
In-Text Citation Format:
In text, cite the patent identifier and the year.
In-Text Citation Example:
(U.S. Patent No. 174,465, 1876)