Project Based Research: GPS and Beyond


Payley, Nina (Cartoonist). (2010). Mimi & Eunice, “Thief” [Comic Strip], Retrieved from

The heart of plagiarism is:

  • to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own
  • to use (another's production) without crediting the source

When you choose to integrate the works of others with your ideas in an ethical way (see citation information below) you are showing respect for the skill, time, and effort needed to produce knowledge and also becoming a creator not just a consumer in the academic environment of scholarship. 











XKCD (Artists). Wikipedian Protester [Comic], Retrieved from:


  • A "citation" is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again
  • Citations are extremely helpful to anyone who wants to find out more about your ideas and where they came from
  • Citing sources actually helps your reader distinguish your ideas from those of your sources. This will actually emphasize the originality of your own work

Example(s) APA Format

Book (s)

Basic Format

Reference: Last name, First Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle (Edition) [if other than the 1st]. Place: Publisher. 

Goudie, A. (2013). The Human Impact on the Natural Environment : Past, Present, and Future (7). New York: Wiley-Blackwell.

In-text: (Author, year)

(Goudie, 2013)

Corporate Author / Private Organization [The publisher is listed as "author"]

World Health Organization. (2016). Ambient air pollution: A global assessment of exposure and burden of disease. Washington, DC: Author.

(World Health Organization, 2016)


Basic Format

Reference: Last name, First Initial. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Magazine/Journal/Newspaper Title, Volume number(Issue number*), Page numbers, inclusive (the page numbers of the entire article). 

Durston, S., & Nashire, N. (2001, March 01). Rethinking Poverty and Education: an attempt by an education programme in Malawi to have an impact on poverty. Compare, 31, 1, 75-91.

In-text: (Author, year)

(Durstron & Nashire, 2001).


Basic Format

Reference: Author last name, First initial (if available). (Year, Month Day web page was last updated). Title or description of page. Retrieved from URL (address of web page)

IUCN. (2016). Bio-cultural diversity. Retrieved from

In-text: (author, year)

(IUCN. 2016).

More examples and Resources