APA Style uses the author–date citation system, in which a brief in-text citation directs readers to a full reference list entry. The in-text citation appears within the body of the paper (or in a table, figure, footnote, or appendix) and briefly identifies the cited work by its author and date of publication. This enables readers to locate the corresponding entry in the alphabetical reference list at the end of the paper.
Each work cited must appear in the reference list, and each work in the reference list must be cited in the text (or in a table, figure, footnote, or appendix).
Both paraphrases and quotations require citations.
The following are guidelines to follow when writing in-text citations:
Note: Adapted from APA Basic Principles by the APA Style Blog, 2021 (https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/citations/basic-principles).
Citation management tools are software clients loaded on your computer or web/cloud-based applications that are used to store, organize and utilize bibliographic citations. Essentially, these tools are a database of the researcher's selected citations.
Most provide the following functions:
Which is best? That completely depends on your needs and preferences. They generally offer the same general functionality, but with different interfaces --- and with different "bells & whistles".
Currently, The WPI Gordon Library provides institutional access to EndNote Desktop/Client, EndNote Web, and Mendeley. We also support Zotero, a freely available, open source citation management system.
Check out some of the information below about citation managers!