You can re-use material created by others in your work if one of the following is true:
Copyright statements all students will be asked to agree to when submitting an IQP or MQP:
"I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisor(s) and sponsor(s)."
What this means: The student is affirming that they have obtained permission from the copyright holder to re-use their work, if appropriate (meaning if the use of the copyright holder's work is determined NOT to be covered by fair use, and the work is not clearly licensed for re-use, or in the public domain).
"I hereby grant to WPI and its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, this project in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of this document, except those which have been handed to a third party through a separate intellectual property agreement. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this document."
What this means: The student is the copyright holder of their work, and is granting WPI the right to re-use their work for educational purposes. If the project involved a publishing contract with a third party, that third party might hold the copyright to some parts of the work--this will depend on the individual project and the terms of the contract.
From the United States Copyright Office: "Fair use is a legal doctrine that promotes freedom of expression by permitting the unlicensed use of copyright-protected works in certain circumstances." (Source: https://www.copyright.gov/fair-use/more-info.html)
When you are trying to decide whether or not your use of other people's work (whether that is a picture, a figure or table, a survey, or anything else that you might want to copy and re-use) is covered under fair use, you will need to consider the four factors of fair use:
|Factor 1: Purpose & Character of Your Use||If you are using this work in a way that changes the nature or purpose of the original work, or if your use of the work is for the purpose of scholarship and you are not making a profit, you are more likely to be covered by fair use than if you are going to profit off of your use of the work.|
|Factor 2: Nature of Their Work||If the work you are using is more creative in nature (e.g. an original image), you are less likely to be covered by fair use than you are if it is less creative (e.g. a table of data). If the work you are using is unpublished, you are more likely to be covered by fair use than you are if it is unpublished.|
|Factor 3: Amount of the Work Taken||How much of the original work are you using in your paper or project? If it is a small or insubstantial amount (typically 10% or less, or an amount that does not contain the main substance of the work) you are more likely to be covered than if you are taking a larger or more significant portion of the work.|
|Factor 4: Market Effect of Your Use||If you distribute the original work widely, you could effect sales of the work itself. Therefore, if your paper is being published online, you are more likely to be covered by fair use if it is shared on a password protected site (like a Canvas page). If you are distributing copies of the work physically, you are more likely to be covered by fair use if you provide instructions to those reading your work not to distribute it further.|
For a colorful flowchart with this information, download the "Fair Use and Student Work Flowchart" below.
If you do not think you are covered by fair use, you should consider the following: