When scholars and researchers publish scholarly articles, there is a bibliography of works that were used to inform their research. This bibliography is also referred to as Cited Work or References. Bibliographies are a useful way to look at past research that is relevant to that article. Cited reference searching (or times cited) is a way to look at more current research that cited the article you are interested in.
Cited reference searching allows researchers to:
Following a citation trail, or looking at the references in a paper and then looking at the references of that paper, is a great way to do research and find papers in the same field.
Citing articles are references that take you forward in time from that article. You can do this through a cited reference search.