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HI 1330: Introduction to the History of Science and Technology

Why you cite your sources

By citing your sources you:

  • Demonstrate to your reader how your own ideas stem from, differ from, or relate to those in your sources
  • Distinguish your ideas from the ideas of others and give credit to others for their ideas (avoid plagiarism)
  • Lend credibility to your own work by citing credible sources
  • Assist your reader, who will want to be able to find the sources that you used
  • Share intellectual activity honestly and properly

When to cite your sources

You must provide a ciation when:

  • Quoting directly from a source (copying the words of another)
  • Paraphrasing ideas or information from a source (rewriting a passage in your own words)
  • Incorporating into your paper information or ideas that are not general knowledge

What's in a citation

Citations at the end of your paper should always tell you:

  • Who wrote the source material? Who is the author, editor, artist, or organization behind the work?
  • What is it called? What is the title of the book, article, website, photograph, etc.?
  • When was the source was published? What is the date of publication?
  • Where  and by whom was it published? This will vary from source to source. For a book - who is the publisher; what city was it published in? For a website, what is the URL? For a journal article, what journal is it in; what is the DOI? 

Citation styles vary in how they present this information, but generally, these elements are always included.

Introduction to Citations

 

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