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HI 1330: Introduction to the History of Science and Technology

Why you cite your sources

By citing your sources you:

  • Demonstrate to your reader how your own ideas stem from, differ from, or relate to those in your sources
  • Distinguish your ideas from the ideas of others and give credit to others for their ideas (avoid plagiarism)
  • Lend credibility to your own work by citing credible sources
  • Assist your reader, who will want to be able to find the sources that you used
  • Share intellectual activity honestly and properly

When to cite your sources

You must provide a ciation when:

  • Quoting directly from a source (copying the words of another)
  • Paraphrasing ideas or information from a source (rewriting a passage in your own words)
  • Incorporating into your paper information or ideas that are not general knowledge

What's in a citation

Citations at the end of your paper should always tell you:

  • Who wrote the source material? Who is the author, editor, artist, or organization behind the work?
  • What is it called? What is the title of the book, article, website, photograph, etc.?
  • When was the source was published? What is the date of publication?
  • Where  and by whom was it published? This will vary from source to source. For a book - who is the publisher; what city was it published in? For a website, what is the URL? For a journal article, what journal is it in; what is the DOI? 

Citation styles vary in how they present this information, but generally, these elements are always included.

Introduction to Citations


Please provide feedback on this video tutorial here: