Give credit to the work of others that you have used, i.e. avoiding plagiarism
Plagiarism is using the words, information, or ideas of another without properly documenting them. The WPI Academic Honesty Policy clearly specifies that plagiarism is an act of academic dishonesty.
Allow others to find this information.
Increase the credibility of your work.
Show what kinds of information you are using.
Allow you, the writer, to participate in the scholarly conversation by demonstrating how your work builds upon, questions, confirms, and comments upon the work of others.
An in-text citation is a brief notation within the text of your paper or presentation, which alerts the reader that a particular source was used here.
The full citation provides all necessary details about that source so that a future reader will be able to find the source.
Different styles tend to be associated with a given academic discipline.
Each style has its own rules about how the various parts of a citation are organized and formatted, but they all provide the same information: WHO, WHAT, WHEN and WHERE.
Most Common Styles
STEM Professions and their most common citation style: