Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citing Sources

Learn how to cite your sources

Bluebook Overview

The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation is a style guide that prescribes the most widely used legal citation system in the United States.  The APA uses the Bluebook style for case law and statutes.  Click below or scroll for common examples:

Bluebook Resources

Quick Style Guide | The Bluebook Online (legalbluebook.com) - Bluebook citation examples

T2 Foreign Jurisdictions | The Bluebook Online (legalbluebook.com) - Examples on how to cite International Laws

Indigo book (https://law.resource.org/pub/us/code/blue/IndigoBook.html) - An Open Source and Compatible Implementation of
A Uniform System of Citation

Perdue OWL - various citation styles - APA defers to Bluebook style for legal materials and uses those templates and patterns in bibliographies. 

Bluebook Citation Examples: Cases

Red Lion Broad. Co. v. FCC, 395 U.S. 367 (1969).

Mattel, Inc. v. MCA Records, Inc., 296 F.3d 894, 908 (9th Cir. 2002)

Bluebook Citation Examples: Constitutions

U.S. Const. art. I, § 9, cl. 2.

Bluebook Citation Example: Statutes

     Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, 21 U.S.C. § 387 (2012).

     Lanham (Trademark) Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 1051-1141n (2012).

Bluebook Citation Example: Legislative Materials

    Clinical Social Work Medicare Equality Act of 2001, S. 1083, 107th Cong. § 2(b) (2001).

    ABLE Act of 2014, H.R. 647, 113th Cong. (as passed by House, Dec. 3, 2014).

Bluebook Citation Example: Administrative Materials

FTC Credit Practices Rule, 16 C.F.R. § 444.1 (2019).